There are many areas where one can go to learn to draw online. This particular section is an overview to four key concepts of sketching, perspective, values, and color, that will enable you to create professional and convincing drawings.
It is my belief that no one is an artist when they are born. Even if you are doing it for fun, there is a minimum competency that must be met before you truly enjoy drawing, whether it be as a hobby or as a professional career.
In art, sketching out a form, understanding values to give it depth, perspectives to add dimensions, and understanding coloring to meet compositional requirements, are four basic core things to practice.
The idea is that you have to study and practice drawing is nothing new as the goal here is to focus on the process rather than the end product. This is the first step for learning how to draw for beginners.
Learning how to draw starts with a sketch. Whether you are a beginner or a professional, there is no doubt that a good sketch will save time as well as prepare your composition to be transformed into a finished product.
There are two primary types of sketches: gesture sketches and contour sketches. A gesture sketch presents an idea sketched out quickly. Its main advantage is that it creates flow and dynamic motion of your composition or subject.
A contour sketch, on the other hand, presents a visual outline of your composition. Sometimes, it can be as clear and precise as a technical drawing. Other times, it is just there to present quick detail work that you can use later.
All artists will use these types of sketches to present an idea on paper before it moves towards a final product. When you learn to draw online on this site, you will be using a lot of gesture or contour sketches. Practice it and become a successful artist that is able to quickly transfer an idea on paper.
I know of very few artists that do not understand perspective. It is such an important part of drawing that there is no excuse to learn it, since most drawings will have some degree of perspective in it.
How important? A proper perspective can make or break your entire composition. Unless it's highly stylized, even for simple drawings like character designs, there's always some degree of one point perspective.
Depending on what you need, you can go all the way up to five-point perspectives. While you may not need to go beyond three-point perspective, the option is out there in case you need it.
There are a lot of genres that require this knowledge. From fantasy to science fiction, your ability to draw proper landscapes, enclosed spaces, or a section of an area, is only possible by knowing perspective.
Just like sketching and perspective, values will play an important part in developing your core drawing skills. By definition, it is the relative darkness or lightness of a color. For drawing, it makes the difference between something that looks flat and something that stands out as well as being used to suggest form.
To determine the proper values, you need to keep in mind two things: The first is that objects that are far away will have a dull value while objects that are close have a more intense value.
The other consideration is the position of a light source. That is, objects that are close to a global key light will have color values that are close the color of that key light source. Then, there is the value of fill light and rim light.
To sum that up, a blue object with a yellow light source will have a yellow glow on the rim as well as some yellow in other places as the light bounces off the floor to be reflected back onto the blue object.
How will you know what colors to use? It's not easy trying to figure out the best color combinations for your drawings. That's why knowing as much you can about color theory will be an advantage.
Having the right colors is an asset to any artist because it allows the proper mood that you want to present. Some things to consider are:
All in all, art styles come and go. But these four basic art concepts listed will never change because it simplifies the steps necessary to create even the most complicated pieces of artwork.
The lessons on this site will use these basic ideas over and over again. Some lessons are more direct in mentioning these concepts while others are more discrete, It just means that it's engraved in every art work from the most simple to the most complex in some degree.
Even at the pinnacle of the Renaissance, understanding the body and the world became an aesthetic subject which these core drawing concepts were developed and played a huge role in.
Even now, we still depend on these drawing concepts in the modern world. These core skills are timeless. This is the right approach to learning how to draw for beginners like you. Be active in at least learning these very basic concepts and you will find enjoyment in drawing no matter your skill level.